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Region of Lazio Roma (Laziali) - Province of Rome - City/Town of Rome (romani)


City/Town of Rome

City/Town : Rome (Roma, Rom)
Region : Lazio Roma
Province : Rome
Country : Italy
Continent : Europe
Gentilic : romani
Population : 2,546,804
Area : 1,285.31 sq km
Latitude : 41°54′N
Longitude : 12°30′E
Visiting Rome

from WikiTravel

Rome (Italian: Roma), the Eternal City, is the capital and largest city of Italy and of the Lazio region. It's the famed city of the Roman Empire, the Seven Hills, La Dolce Vita (the sweet life), the Vatican City and Three Coins in the Fountain. Rome, as a millenium-long centre of power, culture (having been the cradle of one of the globe's greatest civilisations ever) and religion, has exerted a huge influence over the world in its circa 2800 years of existence.
The historic centre of the city is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. With wonderful palaces, millennium-old churches, grand romantic ruins, opulent monuments, ornate statues and graceful fountains, Rome has an immensely rich historical heritage and cosmopolitan atmosphere, making it one of Europe's and the world's most visited, famous, influential and beautiful capitals. 
Today, Rome has a growing nightlife scene and is also seen as a shopping heaven, being regarded as one of the fashion capitals of the world (some of Italy's oldest jewellery and clothing establishments were founded in the city). With so many sights and things to do, Rome can truly be classified a "global city".
Rome can be divided into several districts. The so-called historical centre (centro storico) is quite small - only around 4% of the city area - but it's the place in which most of the tourist attraction are located: it lies completely within the Aurelian walls. Districts are explained below:
  • Modern Centre - Where many of the hotels are, as well as shopping and dining galore along the via Veneto; home to the areas around the Quirinal, Trevi fountain, piazza Barberini, Castro Pretorio and piazza della Repubblica.
  • Old Rome - The Renaissance-era centre of the city, with beautiful squares, cathedrals, the Pantheon, and plenty of laid-back dining; includes piazza Navona, Campo de' Fiori, and the (former) Jewish Ghetto.
  • Vatican - The independent Vatican City and its endless treasure troves of sights, relics and the Vatican Museums - as well as the surrounding Italian districts of Borgo, Prati and Monte Mario.
  • Colosseo - The heart of ancient Rome, the Colosseum, the Imperial Fora and the Markets of Trajan, the Capitoline hill and its museums.
  • North Centre  - Situated in the northern part of Rome, it is home to the Villa Borghese, the Spanish Steps, and the elegant districts of Parioli and Salario.
  • Trastevere - The charming district south of the Vatican, on the west bank of the Tiber, full of narrow cobbled streets and lonely squares that served as the inspiration for artists such as Giorgio de Chirico. Now arguably the centre of Rome's artistic life.
  • Aventino-Testaccio - Off-the-beaten-path districts of Rome with plenty of surprises waiting for interested travellers, as well as some truly great food.
  • Esquilino-San Giovanni - South of Termini, with an indoor market, piazza Vittorio Emanuele II and the Cathedral of Rome - Saint John in Lateran.
  • Nomentano - The districts "behind" the train station. Vibrant night life in San Lorenzo (Municipio II).
  • North Rome - The vast suburban areas to the north of the centre (Municipio III)
  • South Rome - Home to the Appian Way park, several catacombs, Fascist monumental architecture in the EUR district and extensive suburbs. (Municipi IX and XI)
  • Ostia - A Roman district with a view to the sea and several beach resorts. Home to the ruins of Ostia antica, ancient Rome's harbour. (Municipi X and XIII)